This travel wiki page of Namibia will help guide travelers with quick and relevant information to consider when planning and visiting the country. It is difficult to find all the relevant information you need on culture, safety, travel restrictions, and things to do, so we summarize it all here. If anything is stale or outdated, please reach out and let us know! Let’s dive in and explore more high-level information on Namibia travel.
Last updated October 15th of 2022.
Table of contents
National Information & Culture
Officially, the Republic of Namibia is a country in Southern Africa with the Atlantic Ocean as its western border. Its capital and largest city are Windhoek, while the official currency is the Namibian Dollar (NAD). In addition, the South African Rand can be used freely in Namibia, but NAD is not a legal tender in South Africa.
Namibian culture and customs blend many ethnic groups fused with African and European elements, mainly German. Namibia has 11 principal ethnic groups, composed of smaller ethnic groups of the same language and traditions. Around half of the population is the Ovambo ethnic group, while the San are the original people of the Republic of Namibia. Other cultural groups include the Kavango, Herero, Himba, Damara, mixed-race and Rehoboth Baster, White Namibians (Afrikaner, German, Swedish, British, and Portuguese), Nama, Caprivian, and Tswana. Each ethnic group has its rich heritage and traditions. For example, Himba people wear few clothes and rub themselves with red ochre and fat to protect themselves from the sun, thereby giving them a rich red appearance. Visiting their villages through organized tours is possible, but it should be done with sensitivity and respect for their traditions and lifestyles.
But what makes Namibia unforgettable are the remarkable encounters with nature and unique wildlife. Aside from that, Namibia produces one of the world’s highest-quality diamonds.
When planning your trip to Namibia, it is worth checking the country’s official tourism website for more information, hints, and tips.
Special Travel Considerations
All Covid-19-related entry requirements into Namibia have been removed. Visitors can now enter Namibia without the need to present a vaccination certificate or a negative PCR test upon arrival. Thus, Namibia is an ideal travel destination post covid.
But as these details and requirements can vary at any time, it is best to check the latest Covid-19 rules for Namibia when planning your trip.
Travel insurance will protect you against illness, injury, theft, and cancellations. Although not required, travel insurance covering all overseas medical expenses (including Covid-19) and emergency repatriation is strongly recommended.
Nationals from 55 countries can enter Namibia without a visa for a maximum stay of 3 months within a year. On the other hand, Russian citizens can stay 90 days within any 180 days.
Namibia also grants visas on arrival to nationals of 44 countries arriving at Hosea Kutako International Airport or Walvis Bay Airport for a maximum stay of 3 months. Visa on arrival fee is N$1000 or approximately $67.
Meanwhile, tourists from countries not included in the list must check with the nearest Ministry of Home Affairs, Immigration Safety and Security, and Namibian missions to apply for their appropriate visa.
Visitors to Namibia must have a valid passport for at least six months after entry and at least three blank pages for entry and exit stamps. Secondly, all visitors must also have a return ticket. Lastly, all guests must have an appropriate visa, except those nationalities with visa exemptions.
Namibia is a country rich in natural beauty. Visiting the country is a dream experience – from its endless horizons, picturesque views, and abundant wildlife encounters. Among Namibia’s many natural attractions, the destinations below are a must-see.
Etosha National Park
Etosha National Park is the number one tourist destination in Namibia. It is the oldest and most significant game park to spot a variety of wildlife, offering visitors a safari experience like no other. The park is home to 114 large and small mammal species, more than 400 recorded bird species, and reptiles, including several threatened and endangered species of the black rhinoceros.
When exploring Etosha, it is common to encounter large numbers of lion, elephant, giraffe, zebra, and wildebeest, as well as a host of antelope species, including springbok, oryx, kudu, and impala. Also present in the park are the harder-to-spot leopard and cheetah. All of this wildlife is best spotted in the waterholes where they come to drink.
The Skeleton Coast
The Skeleton Coast National Park’s dense coastal fogs and cold sea breezes caused by the cold Benguela Current add to the region’s aura of mystery and inaccessibility. This, among others, may have caused numerous shipwrecks to sweep the coastal area, which is also littered with bones and other debris.
Regarding the Ugab River, the park’s southern section is open to four-wheel drive vehicles. The northern part is off-limits to cars and can be reached by a fly-in Safari. A must-visit tourist attraction in the park includes a shipwreck at the South West Seal viewpoint, Huab lagoon, and the collapsed oil drilling rig.
Fish River Canyon
Fish River Canyon is the second-largest canyon on earth. It is located in the southern part of Namibia’s longest river and features a gigantic ravine of 161 km long, up to 27 km wide, and almost 550 meters deep. The canyon is like a masterpiece that offers visitors, photographers, and backpackers the most serene and stunning landscapes. To fully explore the canyon, it is possible to join a hiking trip between May-September. Permits are necessary to do so. However, no licenses are issued beyond these periods because of extreme heat and possible flooding.
Damaraland and Kaokoland
Damaraland is home to one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites, Twyfelfontein, which symbolizes the rich cultural heritage of the San/Bushmen people in the form of rock engravings and paintings. Here, you will come across the largest population of desert elephants, rhinos, and lions, as well as oryx, springbok, and hundreds of bird species. This area is close to Etosha National Park and en route from the Skeleton Coast.
Kaokoland is a special place situated in the far northwest of Namibia, alongside the banks of the Kunene River. It is home to the Himba ethnic group, the last true nomads of Namibia. Across the rugged terrain of Kaokoland, visitors will find beautiful Epupa Falls and Ruacana Falls along the Kunene River. Like Damaraland, you will also come across elephants, black rhinos, zebra, springbok, oryx, and giraffes.
Namib-Naukluft National Park
The Namib-Naukluft National Park is one of the world’s largest conservation areas, stretching from the plateau of central Namibia to the vast basin of the Namib Desert. You will find Sossusvlei and Sesriem, Namibia’s best-known and spectacular natural sites. Sossusvlei is a view of an endless sea of rust-orange dunes, a clay pan (Deadvlei) surrounded by dunes, and its knotted ancient trees. The highest dunes in the world are also found here. On the other hand, Sesriem is the gateway to the wilderness of the Namib Desert, characterized by a small canyon shaped by the Tsauchab River.
Swakopmund & Walvis Bay
Swakopmund and Walvis Bay is the adventure capital of Namibia. The resort town on the central coast of Namibia, Swakopmund, is 30 km from Walvis Bay, the country’s main seaport. Here, visitors will not run out of things to see and activities to try and do. Whether you explore the high dunes of the Namib Desert having sand boarding, four-wheelers, paragliding, skydiving, and camel riding; or simply appreciating the elegant art of German architecture, or on the sandy beaches, Swakopmund offers something memorable for everyone. Heading to Walvis Bay is also worth the visit. It is rich in plankton and marine life, attracting many southern right whales. It is also where visitors will find flamingos, eating, sleeping, and living on the coast of Walvis Bay all year long.
Kavango & Zambezi
The former Caprivi Strip is now divided into the Kavango and Zambezi regions. Because of the Kavango (Okavango) River, Kwando (Linyanti) River, and Zambezi River, visitors will find Namibia’s lush and untouched wilderness in Caprivi Strip and abundant wildlife, birdlife, and fish species. These regions are also home to several national parks: Khaudum National Park, Bwabwata National Park, Mudumu National Park, and Nkasa Rupara National Park.
The Kalahari Desert is home to the San ethnic group of Namibia. Visiting here will give you insights into the nomadic and hunter-gatherer lifestyle of the San/Bushmen culture and their sedentary lifestyle in the modern world.
Despite the arid conditions, the Kalahari Desert in Namibia is home to various animals and plants that survive in this harsh weather. In the springtime, the seemingly endless desert sand transforms into an area of blossoms, flowers, and grass blankets.
Sperrgebiet National Park
The Tsau ǁKhaeb National Park, formerly known as the Sperrgebiet National Park, is a diamond mining area in the Namib Desert of southwestern Namibia. The Sperrgebiet is a biodiversity hotspot in Namibia and home to endemic flora and fauna. Out of 776 plants found, 234 are endemic to Sperrgebiet. Animals and bird species residents in the Sperrgebiet include the gemsbok, springbok, brown hyena, African oystercatcher, black-headed canary, and dune lark.
The Spitzkoppe is a group of bald granite peaks between Usakos and Swakopmund. It is one of Namibia’s most photographed and painted outcrops of granite, with the highest elevation of 670 meters. These granite rocks are intrusive and around 120 million years old. Visitors can see many examples of San/Bushmen artwork carved and painted on the rock in the Spitzkoppe area. The Spitzkoppe Mountains were also the filming location for 2001: A Space Odyssey in the “Dawn of Man” sequences. What makes the Spitzkoppe special is the presence of exciting plants, birds, and other wildlife in the surroundings.
Primary Spoken Language(s)
Although only 3% of the population speaks English as a home language, Namibia’s sole official language, almost half of the population speaks Oshiwambo (49%). It is followed by Khoekhoegowab (11.3%), Afrikaans (10.4%), RuKwangali (9%), and Otjiherero (9%). Despite the numbers, the most widely understood national language is Afrikaans, the country’s lingua franca. Afrikaans and English are used primarily as second languages reserved for public communication.
Namibia is one of the safest countries in Africa, with a low crime rate. In fact, the U.S. Department of State gave it a Level 1 travel advisory.
However, as a general rule, visitors should always apply common sense when traveling to foreign countries. Be mindful of your surroundings. Do not show signs of wealth, and be vigilant, especially at night. When in a larger crowd like the capital city of Windhoek, be aware of pickpockets and be watchful when withdrawing cash in ATMs. Robberies, muggings, and theft are common crimes, especially in the downtown shopping areas where large crowds of travelers are present.
Self-driving is familiar to visitors when in Namibia. While it is generally safe to do, there are critical rules to follow for road safety.
First, never drive at night. Wildlife is everywhere and can appear out of seemingly nowhere, which can cause severe accidents for both humans and wildlife. Thus, it is best to know your driving distance and always arrive at your next destination before sunset.
Second, always have at least one or two spare tires in your rental car. The high temperature and gravel road can quickly wear your tires, and best to have a spare anytime you need one.
Visitors should also have their insurance and emergency phone numbers on hand. Lastly, always fill your gas tank whenever you see a gas station.
Health & Malaria
Most regions of Namibia are malaria-free. However, we cannot completely rule it out in the northern and northeastern regions like Etosha National Park and the Zambezi Region (Caprivi Strip), especially during the rainy season between November and June. As always said, prevention is better than cure. Therefore, travelers should take prescription medicine to prevent malaria. Consult your doctor about this. In addition, using mosquito repellant is necessary when traveling to these regions in Namibia.
Safe Safari Experience
Like humans, animals should be respected and treated well. There are specific rules to be followed when in a wildlife territory.
- Only get out of the car at designated spots, and after surveying the surrounding is safe.
- Do not attempt to touch or feed wild animals
- Animals always have the right of way first
- Avoid noise and loud music. Do not disturb or startle animals near the road.
- Do not keep food in your tent when camping, as the smell can attract animals such as hyenas.
Namibia is one of the cheapest countries to travel to on a budget in Africa, depending on your chosen method of transport and accommodation. The best way to explore Namibia on a budget is by renting a car, staying on campsites, and cooking your food. Campsites are available in many beautiful wild locations and offer shops for food and necessary supplies.
A fully equipped 4×4 camping truck rent is around $75 per day. The truck already includes camping equipment suitable for two persons and insurance. You will also consider the campsite fees ranging from $6-10 per person per night. Of course, you should not forget the fuel cost, food, and entrance fees for parks and attractions. Occasionally, a visitor must allocate around $10 for a standard meal in one of your destinations.
After long days of driving around Namibia and staying on campsites, it is worth sleeping and staying in a comfortable hostel or, eventually, a hotel. Depending on the location and season of your travel, budget accommodations cost around $30 per night. On the other hand, an average hotel or guesthouse costs $55 per room per night.
Considering the costs of accommodation, transportation (vehicle rental and fuel), food, entrances, and miscellaneous fees, a group of two budget travelers needs around $2800 for a two weeks stay.
Customs And Import Restrictions
The Republic of Namibia does not have particular travel customs and import restrictions for arriving passengers. Nevertheless, visitors should be aware of some prohibitions for a hassle-free trip.
Do not bring prohibited goods such as narcotics, illegal drugs (in any form), automatic weapons, military weapons, unnumbered weapons, poison, and toxic substances into Namibia. Entry of firearms and endangered species is restricted unless you have the necessary permit. Failure to comply may result in penalties or imprisonment.
However, visitors can have the following duty-free allowances and entitlements: 400 Cigarettes; 50 Cigars; 250 grams of Cigarette or Pipe tobacco; 2 liters of wine; 1 liter of spirits or other alcoholic beverages; 50 ml perfume; 250 ml toilet water; and other new or used goods maximum of 1250NAD. Please note that persons under 18 are not entitled to tobacco and drinks allowances.
Visit their official web page for detailed customs, imports, and excise rules. Visitors can also check out this site for Namibia customs and import rules.
On average, Namibia experiences 300 days of sunshine a year and is the aridest country in Southern Africa. Namibia has mostly a subtropical desert climate and is situated at the southern edge of the tropics. The Tropic of Capricorn more or less divides the country in half.
However, extreme contrast in temperature can be experienced relative to the season and geographic location. For instance, the Namib Desert encounters warm to hot days in the winter months (from June to September), but temperatures can drop considerably at night and get freezing.
In Namibia, the summer months are long, from October to April. Average temperatures range from 20 °C on the coast to 35 °C in the central region. On the other hand, temperatures in the southern part of Namibia, particularly in the Namib Desert, can reach more than 40 °C. Summer is also the rainy season in Namibia and is divided into a short and a primary rainy season. The short rainy season is between September and November – while the primary rainy season occurs between December to April.
Winter days from May to September are pleasant. But temperatures can become quite cold, dropping below zero mid-winter. The average daytime temperature during winter is between 18-22 °C.
The Coastal region is cooler because of the cold Benguela current from the Atlantic Ocean. In addition, the coastal area is free from rain for most of the year, and the frequent dense fog is common.
Primary Transportation Options
Getting around Namibia can be done through air, land, and rail transport.
Twenty-nine airports connect the country with regular and chartered flight services. Three international airports are Windhoek Hosea Kutako International Airport, Walvis Bay Airport, and Eros Airport. Although costly, traveling by air is the quickest and easiest way to explore Namibia. Through this, more attractions can be seen in a short period.
The Trans-Namib Railways connect the most significant towns on a first and second-class carriage. It includes light refreshments for some services. But be ready for a long journey as the trains stop at every post.
For luxury travel, the Desert Express that runs between Swakopmund and Windhoek is for you. Prices are pretty high, but it offers comfortable travel, including a three-course dinner and overnight accommodation. Also, this journey includes several stops allowing travelers to watch lion feedings, see the Namib Desert, walk in the dunes, and admire the stars.
An excellent network of well-maintained roads runs the length of the country. Thus, making it best for visitors to get around Namibia by land transport.
Renting a car is the best and easiest to explore Namibia. While self-driving is safe and recommended, visitors must take time to plan their road itinerary. It is because 80% of the roads in Namibia are gravel. Thus, driving speed is slower, and it takes time to reach your destination. Consider renting a sturdy 4×4 vehicle for added safety and power benefits for the off-beaten paths. Rental rates vary relative to the season and the add-ons a visitor avails of, like camping tents and gear. Also, driving in the country takes place on the left-hand side of the road.
There is no official public bus transport system in Namibia. But there are local buses that operate and connect almost all the major towns and cities.
The most reliable bus option in Namibia is the Intercape. Their bus fleets are generally in good condition, comfortable, and air-conditioned. However, schedules are not daily, so checking for their routes and timetable is best.